There are many causes that can cause pain in the neck or the rest of the spine. We could classify them as:
Vertebral causes: these may be from intervertebral disc degeneration or discopatía. In some cases this can be painful, either vertebral fracture vertebra infiltration by tumor or other disease generally by instability , etc .
- Muscle causes: as muscle spasms, tortócolis , fibromyalgia or muscle tears.
- Neurological causes generated by having a narrow spinal canal or nerve root compression by herniated disc.
- Causes not derived from the spine or musculature and cause pain to the spine having originated in another organ such as carpal tunnel syndrome, shoulder diseases (tendonitis or bursitis), or diseases of the dome pleural tumor or inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.
- Non-organic causes: such as stress, high sensitivity to pain, depression, etc.
- Traumatic causes : such as whiplash or spine fractures .
Whenever neck pain lasting more than three days without any relief, or that worsens, if there is preferential nocturnal pain, pain associated with arm pain, loss of sensation and muscle strength, if there is history of cancer, presence associated with fever or night sweats are the indicators that point to the likelihood of significant pathology.
There are many causes that can cause damage to the intervertebral discs such as trauma, chronic illness, etc. Moving the neck at the rate of 600 times per hour, coupled with the long life expectancy and loss of muscle mass as we age are also causes of degenerative intervertebral discs.
Although there are many diseases that cause neck pain, the most common are braquialgia, cervical pain and cervicobrachialgia.
Brachialgia: A braquialgia is a pain in the arm, which follows a distribution according to the area of neural network.
Cervical pain: neck pain is called cervical pain, as its origin in cervical degenerative changes. The cervical vertebrae are moved by a complex of three joints: the disc, located on the anterior, posterior, and the two joints, one at each side. The wear of the disc can be the source of pain and causes of altered mechanical stability, which can also cause pain during movement.
Cervicobrachialgia: A cervicobrachialgia is the combination of arm pain and cervical spine pain.
The syndrome of soft tissue injury, called “whiplash”, it often crashes the back, often when the seat belt is buckled. First the head is flexed and hyperextended with great force beyond its normal range of motion. Affected structures may include muscles, tendons, joints, ligaments and perhaps even the nerve roots.
It may be a symptom of a root compression, spinal tumor or a metastatic or inflammatory joint disease generally. Therefore it is important to seek consultation in a timely manner.
Overall adequate medical history and a careful physical examination provided by a specialist, and generally accompanied by study methods like X-ray, or CT scan of the cervical spine and cervical spine MRI fails to detect the most serious problems.
There is not a common treatment for all pathologies. Therefore your surgeon must decide which treatment is best for your case and he will have to explain in detail what it is, the associated risks, recovery time, etc.